Modeling Global Syntactic Variation in English Using Dialect Classification

[Read Full-Text] This paper evaluates global-scale dialect identification for 14 national varieties of English as a means for studying syntactic variation. The paper makes three main contributions: (i) introducing data-driven language mapping as a method for selecting the inventory of national varieties to include in the task; (ii) producing a large and dynamic set of … More Modeling Global Syntactic Variation in English Using Dialect Classification

Frequency vs. Association for Constraint Selection in Usage-Based Construction Grammar

[Read Full-Text] A usage-based Construction Grammar (CxG) posits that slot-constraints generalize from common exemplar constructions. But what is the best model of constraint generalization? This paper evaluates competing frequency-based and association-based models across eight languages using a metric derived from the Minimum Description Length paradigm. The experiments show that association-based models produce better generalizations across … More Frequency vs. Association for Constraint Selection in Usage-Based Construction Grammar

Ontological and Grammatical Constraints on Metaphor Productivity

[Read Full-Text] Traditional approaches view metaphor as a semantic/pragmatic phenomenon that occurs at a conceptual level as mappings between independent concepts. These conceptual mappings are then lexicalized into observed metaphoric expressions. In this view, the lexical and grammatical structure of a metaphoric expression is not relevant to the underlying metaphor’s level of productivity. This paper … More Ontological and Grammatical Constraints on Metaphor Productivity

Gradient Semantic Intuitions of Metaphoric Expressions

[Read full-text: Gradient semantic intuitions of metaphoric expressions] Metaphoric expressions are not all equal, in the sense that some are intuitively more or less metaphoric than others. Part of this intuition is influenced by the underlying metaphor, but another part is influenced by the linguistic expression which carries that metaphor. This paper puts forward a … More Gradient Semantic Intuitions of Metaphoric Expressions

What Metaphor Identification Systems Can Tell Us About Metaphor-in-Language

[Read full-text: What metaphor identification systems can tell us] [Data: https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6oBPlj4dynZR3ZOZWd0bm54NTQ%5D This paper evaluates four metaphor identification systems on the 200,000 word VU Amsterdam Metaphor Corpus, comparing results by genre and by sub-class of metaphor. The paper then compares the rate of agreement between the systems for each genre and sub-class. Each of the identification … More What Metaphor Identification Systems Can Tell Us About Metaphor-in-Language

Evaluating the Premises and Results of Four Metaphor Identification Systems

[Read full-text: Evaluating the premises of metaphor identification systems] [Data: https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6oBPlj4dynZcWttNnhPblRjZ0k%5D This study first examines the implicit and explicit premises of four systems for identifying metaphoric utterances from unannotated input text. All four systems are then evaluated on a common data set in order to see which premises are most successful. The goal is to … More Evaluating the Premises and Results of Four Metaphor Identification Systems

How Linguistic Structure Influences and Helps To Predict Metaphoric Meaning

[Read full-text: How linguistic structure influences metaphoric meaning] [Data: https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B6oBPlj4dynZLUJBemk5djlzN28%5D This paper argues that two properties of the linguistic structure of an utterance influence and partially determine whether the utterance has a metaphoric meaning that results in a stable interpretation: (i) degree of metaphoricity and (ii) degree of metaphoric saturation. A majority of metaphoric utterances … More How Linguistic Structure Influences and Helps To Predict Metaphoric Meaning